V. Election of President and Vice-President by Province-wide Vote
1. Procedures for Conducting the Election
a) Eligibility of Candidates
Candidates for the office of President and Vice-President must be active members of the Newfoundland and Labrador Teachers’ Association in good standing (a member who has the proper proportion of his/her dues paid) in accordance with By-Law III.
i) Nominations for the office of President and Vice-President of the Newfoundland and Labrador Teachers’ Association shall be submitted on the official nomination form. In accordance with By-Law XII, nomination papers shall be signed by at least 10 members in good standing, each signature being witnessed by
• an officer of a branch, or
• a member of the NLTA Executive, or
• a Commissioner for Oaths,
and submitted to the Electoral Committee, appointed by the NLTA Executive under By-Law XV.B. Such nominations must be accompanied by a signed statement by the candidate of willingness to serve under conditions from time to time established by the Convention and applicable during the term sought. (The total length of the biographical data and policy statement must not exceed 800 words for presidential candidates and 600 words for vice-presidential candidates.) [2007 BGM]
ii) The Electoral Committee shall receive nominations for the office of President and Vice-President up to thirty (30) days before the date of the election. Nomination forms must be delivered to the NLTA office via mail, courier or in person. Nominations will be accepted by facsimile or other electronic means provided the original nomination form is received at the NLTA office within ten (10) days of the receipt of the facsimile/electronic nomination.
iii) Subject to b) i) above, the name of each candidate shall be released by the Electoral Committee within two weeks of receipt of each nomination. For publication in The Bulletin, a nomination, a short biographical sketch and an election statement must be postmarked not later than the date which is two months prior to the date of the Presidential election period. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM] [2007 BGM] [2019 BGM]
iv) Nomination forms may be obtained from the NLTA office or from any branch president.
c) Returning/Electoral Officers
i) The Chairperson of the Electoral Committee, as appointed by Executive, shall be the Provincial Returning Officer for the election.
ii) The Electoral Committee shall conduct the vote in accordance with this policy and the voting instructions outlined by the Association. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM] [2019 BGM]
Ballots shall be produced electronically with candidates listed in alphabetical order using the full name of the candidate as it appears on the nomination form. The ballots will be ranked ballots, providing members an opportunity to indicate their alternate choices for candidates, to be used only if required for a run-off election. [2019 BGM]
e) Distribution of Ballots
i) Ballots will be distributed to registered members by the NLTA office using a secure website. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM] [Apr/2-3&5/08] [JC Apr/08] [2009 BGM] [2019 BGM]
ii) A record of the total number of all ballots issued to members shall be maintained by the NLTA office. [2019 BGM]
f) Eligibility to Vote
All NLTA members who satisfy the requirements of active membership in the Association, in accordance with By-Law III.A., shall be eligible to vote, including substitute teachers who have taught for at least one day during the school year.
i) Voting for the position of President will occur during the last five-day school week of November. Voting for the position of Vice-President will occur during the second five-day school week of December. [Feb/20/03] [JC Feb/03] [2003 BGM] [2011 BGM] [June/10/11] [2019 BGM]
ii) Voting shall be by electronic secret ballots issued to active members as defined by By-Law III.
iii) Voting by proxy is not permitted.
iv) Each member must have the opportunity to vote in secret, and every effort shall be made by the branch executive to ensure confidentiality at an individual, school, and branch level.
v) A faxed ballot is permissible if it is not possible for a member to complete the electronic ballot due to sustained loss of connectivity, provided that the completed ballot which is returned by facsimile is accompanied by a signed statement from the member in question stating that the ballot was indeed cast personally by him/her. Facsimile ballots must be requested from the NLTA office no later than 12:00 noon on the last day of the election period. Such vote will be administered by the Electoral Committee and the completed ballot received only at the NLTA head office.
vi) With the approval of the Electoral Committee, a vote may be conducted on a date other than the designated date only if required by conditions of geography, weather, school closure, etc. Candidates with concerns or questions related to the procedures for conducting the vote shall direct such concerns or questions to the Electoral Committee. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM] [2019 BGM]
vii) A voting station will be provided at the NLTA office so that teachers on leave attending university will have the opportunity to vote. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM]
viii) If required, the ranked ballot will be used to conduct a deciding (run-off) ballot (i.e. the run-off ballot will occur on the same day as the original ballot). [2019 BGM]
ix) All regulations governing the voting procedure are to be strictly followed.
x) Any other variations from the regulations for the province will be made in consultation with the Electoral Committee. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM] [2019 BGM]
h) Collection of Ballots
i) Each voter shall complete their electronic ballot online. [Apr/2-3&5/08] [JC Apr/08] [2009 BGM] [2019 BGM]
ii) The electronic voting system shall:
• Ensure that each member can only vote once by registering individual ballots to individual members.
• Ensure voter anonymity by deleting voter information once the ballot has been verified by the online voting system.
• Maintain an electronic file of all cast ballots.
i) Counting of Ballots
i) Counting of ballots will be done electronically using the ranked ballots. The online system will count all first-choice candidates from each ballot and determine if either candidate has obtained a 50% + 1 majority. [2019 BGM]
ii) If neither candidate receives 50% + 1 majority on the initial ballot, the ranked ballots will be used to redistribute alternate selections from ballots originally cast for unsuccessful candidates to the two candidates receiving the most first ballot support. This will be the run-off election. [2019 BGM]
iii) Ballots in which no alternative candidate has been selected will not be included in the run-off election count. [2019 BGM]
j) Election of Candidate
In accordance with By-Law XII.D.:
i) In order to be elected, a candidate must receive a majority of votes of the active members voting.
ii) If no majority of votes of the active members voting is registered on the initial ballot, where more than two candidates are involved, all but the two candidates receiving the highest number of votes shall be dropped and the ranked ballot will be used to redistribute alternate selections from ballots originally cast for unsuccessful candidates to the two candidates receiving the most first ballot support. This will be the run-off election. [2019 BGM]
iii) In the event of a tie on a ballot with only two candidates, a vote of the Executive Council will decide the issue. [Oct/15/04] [JC Nov 04] [2005 BGM] [2007 BGM]
k) Announcement of Balloting Results
i) The results of each ballot shall be announced by the Chairperson of the Electoral Committee at a time decided by the Electoral Committee and communicated to the membership. [Mar/25/10] [JC Mar 10] [2011 BGM]
ii) The results shall be based on electronic voting system along with any votes provided by fax or other means approved by the Electoral Committee. [2019 BGM]
iii) If an official count is required at the provincial level, each candidate may appoint one scrutineer to be present at the counting of ballots by the Electoral Committee.
iv) All candidates shall be notified of the vote results as soon as the results are known.
v) The results of the ballot shall be made known to the membership by contact with Provincial Executive and branch presidents. In addition, the results shall be communicated to each school representative (or designate) by the NLTA office. [Apr/2-3&5/08] [JC Apr/08] [2009 BGM]
vi) The NLTA shall issue a media release announcing the outcome of the vote but not containing the vote count.
l) Recount of Ballots
i) A defeated candidate receiving at least ninety-eight percent (98%) of the votes cast for the leading candidate is entitled to appeal for a recount.
ii) Notwithstanding i), a candidate receiving at least ninety-eight percent (98%) of the votes cast for the candidate receiving the second highest number of votes is also entitled to appeal for a recount.
iii) A candidate requesting a recount of ballots must do so within forty-eight (48) hours of the notification of results. In such case, the Electoral Committee shall, as soon as possible, retabulate the ballots.
iv) A request for recount must be made to the Electoral Committee.
v) Each candidate may appoint one scrutineer to be present at the recounting of ballots by the Electoral Committee.
m) Financial Guidelines
i) Financial limits on campaign spending by candidates will be set at $5,000 per candidate excluding the cost of travel and unpaid leave. No campaign donations (including paid leave) will be accepted by candidates from an employer, an agent of an employer or an organization competing with the NLTA in a matter that is detrimental to the NLTA. All amounts spent by the candidate and all spending on behalf of the candidate, including the value of any ‘in kind’ contributions, are included in this limit for campaign spending. [Jan/17/03] [JC Feb/03] [2003 BGM] [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM] [Jan/13/17] [JC Mar/17] [2017 BGM]
ii) Candidates are entitled to reimbursement, subject to an audit of the disclosure of all financial contributions and expenditures, of the lesser of $2,000 or forty percent (40%) of eligible expenses. Eligible expenses for reimbursement include the cost of travel, unpaid leave, printing and communications, but does not include the value of “in kind“ contributions. The maximum funds to be made available to all candidates under this policy is set at $10,000. In situations where the amount of eligible reimbursement for all candidates exceeds $10,000, the reimbursement will be prorated as a share of $10,000. For example, in a situation where six candidates are all entitled to the maximum $2,000 reimbursement, each candidate will receive $1666.66. [Jan/13/17] [JC Mar/17] [2017 BGM]
iii) A series of “in kind” contributions will be offered by the Association for the electoral campaigns of candidates. [See Section n) v) – viii)] [Jan/13/17] [JC Mar/17] [2017 BGM]
iv) • Each candidate must disclose sources and amounts of all financial contributions and expenditures such to be verified within 60 days of the election and published to the membership.
• The position of a successful candidate who fails to comply with the foregoing shall be declared vacant.
i) Candidates are free to contact teachers in any way they see fit, keeping in mind the professional Code of Ethics. Candidates and their supporters will be expected to observe accepted standards of conduct in accordance with the Association’s overall objectives as outlined in the Constitution and By-Laws. No candidate or his/her supporters shall publish or circulate, either verbally or otherwise, information on another candidate that is false or defames that person’s character and/or integrity. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM]
ii) Candidates may advertise in The Bulletin as per current advertising guidelines and subject to the NLTA policy on communications. Candidates may purchase two one-quarter (1/4) page advertisements in The Bulletin at one-quarter (1/4) the current advertising rates. Any additional advertisements will be subject to current advertising rates. All advertisements placed in The Bulletin by candidates must be prepaid. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM] [Apr/2-3&5/08] [JC Apr/08] [2009 BGM] [2019 BGM]
iii) No branch funds or branch assets may be used to support the campaign of a candidate for NLTA provincial office.
iv) Branches, special interest councils or schools which choose to set up “Meet the Candidates” sessions must extend invitations to attend to all candidates. [Feb/20/03] [2003 BGM] [June/6/03] [JC Nov/03] [2005 BGM]
v) Photographs and information on candidates referred to in b) i) above will be published in The Bulletin at least one month prior to the date of the election. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM] [2007 BGM]
vi) The Association will provide web page space for all candidates through the NLTA web site that would include photo, biography, position statement and opportunities for updating at specific times during the campaign. The Association will also provide space on the web page for a five (5) minute video of each of the candidates. Candidates are responsible for the cost of production of such a video. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM]
vii) Two sets of school mailing list labels will be provided to each candidate.
viii) For each candidate, Communications staff of NLTA will print and mail to each school and school board office an 8½” x 11″, one-sided poster. An electronic version of the poster will also be provided to each candidate. [2019 BGM]
o) Campaign Irregularities
Anyone alleging irregularities in nomination or election procedures must make such allegations known in writing to the Chairperson of the Electoral Committee within seven (7) days of the event on which the allegation is based. Upon receiving such allegation, the Electoral Committee shall investigate the allegations and report its findings and recommendations to the Executive Council within a further seven (7) days. In the event the allegation of irregularity is accepted as proved by a majority of the Electoral Committee, the Committee shall, by majority vote of its members, recommend to the Executive Council appropriate actions, including but not limited to setting aside the nomination or election, providing for new or further nominations or elections or any other act which will give effect to the by-laws, and the Executive Council shall act in accordance with that recommendation.
i) After the vote is taken, ballots have been received and any necessary provincial count or recount has been completed, the Electoral Committee, by Executive motion, shall be authorized to destroy the ballots in question, but not less than 30 days after the date of the ballot. [2015 BGM] [2019 BGM]
ii) Following the election, the Electoral Committee shall conduct an evaluation of the election procedures and a report shall be made to the Provincial Executive. The evaluation report shall be kept on file to facilitate periodic overall reviews. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM]
2. The Electoral Committee
a) In accordance with By-Law XV.B., the Executive Council shall appoint an Electoral Committee of three members, one of whom shall be named Chairperson (a Past President, if possible). The Chairperson of the Electoral Committee will be the Provincial Returning Officer.
b) Members of the Electoral Committee shall not be candidates for election and shall maintain a position of neutrality in relation to the candidates for election.
c) The duties of the Electoral Committee shall be:
i) To recommend to the Executive policies governing the conduct of elections such rules of conduct to be published not later than 30 days prior to the date of the Presidential elections. [2019 BGM]
ii) To hold the election for President during the last five-day school week of November, and the election for Vice-President during the second five-day school week of December in accordance with By-Law XV.A. [Feb/20/03] [JC Feb/03] [2003 BGM] [2011 BGM] [June/10/11] [2019 BGM]
iii) To receive nominations for the offices of President and Vice-President as per the by-laws and policies of the Association.
iv) To confirm the eligibility of candidates for the election.
v) To release the name of each candidate within two weeks of receipt of each nomination. [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04] [2005 BGM]
vi) To oversee the distribution of ballots to voters in accordance with the policy governing procedures for election of NLTA President and Vice-President by province-wide vote. [2019 BGM]
vii) To confirm the eligibility of voters, if required.
viii) To conduct the election of the President and Vice-President in accordance with By-Law XII and the policy governing procedures for election of NLTA President and Vice-President by province-wide vote.
ix) To receive the results of the balloting. [2019 BGM]
x) To tabulate the results of the balloting for President and Vice-President.
xi) To conduct an official count or recount, if necessary.
xii) To release the results of the ballot to the candidates and to the NLTA office for release of the results to the NLTA membership and the media.
xiii) To conduct a run-off election, in accordance with the By-laws and policy governing the procedures for election of the NLTA President and Vice-President by province-wide vote using the ranked ballots, by redistributing alternate selections from ballots originally cast for unsuccessful candidates to the two candidates receiving the most first ballot support. [2019 BGM]
xiv) To conduct a vote of the Executive Council to decide the issue in the event of a tie on a ballot with only two candidates. [Oct/15/04] [JC Nov 04] [2005 BGM] [2007 BGM]
xv) To receive and investigate allegations of irregularities in nomination or election procedures and to make recommendations to the Executive Council on appropriate actions regarding such allegations.
xvi) To release the vote to the candidates after the name of the incumbent is officially announced. [Apr/2-3&5/08] [JC Apr/08] [2009 BGM] [2019 BGM]
xvii) To ensure that all publicity guidelines as contained in the policy governing the procedures for election of President and Vice-President by province-wide vote are followed.
xviii) To ensure that all financial guidelines are followed by the candidates and that all campaign expenditures are verified within 60 days of the election and published to the membership.
xix) To recommend to Executive Council that the ballots from a vote be destroyed in accordance with the policy governing the procedures for election of President and Vice-President by province-wide vote.
xx) To conduct an evaluation of the election procedures and make a report to the Executive Council. [Sept/27/02] [2003 BGM] [Jan/16/04] [JC Feb 04][2005 BGM]