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GG. Child Abuse

  1. NLTA accepts the view that child abuse is a complex and inherent problem of society.
  1. NLTA accepts as a definition of child abuse according to the Harvard Review, Vol. 43, No. 4, November 1973: “A situation in which a child is suffering from serious physical injury inflicted upon him by other than accidental means; is suffering harm by reason of neglect, malnutrition; or sexual abuse; is going without necessary and basic physical care; or is growing up under conditions which threaten his physical and emotional survival.”
  1. NLTA accepts the definition for “a child in need of protective intervention” as stated in Section 10 (1) of the Children and Youth Care and Protection Act: “A child is in need of protective intervention where the child
  1. is being, or is at risk of being, physically harmed by the action or lack of appropriate action by the child’s parent;
  2. is being, or is at risk of being, sexually abused or exploited by the child’s parent;
  3. is being, or is at risk of being, emotionally harmed by the parent’s conduct and there are reasonable grounds to believe that the emotional harm suffered by the child, or that may be suffered by the child, results from the actions, failure to act or pattern of neglect on the part of the child’s parent;
  4. is being, or is at risk of being, physically harmed by a person and the child’s parent does not protect the child;
  5. is being, or is at risk of being, sexually abused or exploited by a person and the child’s parent does not protect the child;
  6. is being, or is at risk of being, emotionally harmed by a person and the child’s parent does not protect the child;
  7. is in the custody of a parent who refuses or fails to obtain or permit essential medical, psychiatric, surgical or remedial care or treatment to be given to the child when recommended by a qualified health practitioner;
  8. is abandoned;
  9. has no living parent and no adequate provision has been made for the child’s care;
  10. has no parent available to care for the child and the parent has not made adequate provision for the child’s care;
  11. has no parent able or willing to care for the child;
  12. is living in a situation where there is violence or is living in a situation where there is a risk of violence;
  13. is living with a parent whose actions show a propensity to violence or who has allegedly killed or seriously injured another person;
  14. has been left without adequate supervision appropriate to the child’s developmental level; or
  15. is actually or apparently under 12 years of age and has
  1. allegedly killed or seriously injured another person or has caused serious damage to another person’s property, or
  2. on more than one occasion caused injury to another person or other living thing or threatened, either with or without weapons, to cause injury to another person or other living thing, either with the parent’s encouragement or because the parent does not respond adequately to the situation.”